High in the hills overlooking the Aterno River, and surrounded by medieval walls, sits the thirteenth-century city of L’Aquila. The city flourished in the fourteenth and fifteenth centuries as an important trading center for wool and saffron. It was conquered and fortified by the Spanish in the early sixteenth century, and was rebuilt largely in the baroque style after an earthquake hit the area in 1703. The city was organized in quarters around a series of squares and churches, though modern development over the last two centuries has modified its medieval urban structure.


Santa Maria Church renovation


RISD Advanced Studio
Advisor: Justin Cook
Spring 2016

Modern healthcare is an astounding achievement of science-based inquiry and collective human endeavor. In the United States, life expectancy has nearly doubled since 1880 in large part due to medicine and public health efforts. They have been so successful that by 2030, 1 in 5 Americans will be age 65 or older (in 1930 it was just 1 in 20). But for many of us, the healthcare system can also produce tragic results. Tragedy is very rarely the product of any individual’s actions. It often emerges out of the incongruences, perverse incentives and systemic failures that can pervade a system as complex as ours.

Architects and designers have helped to reassert patients’ interests through human centered design, universal design,design for all, among other movements. But given the scale of the system, these efforts remain at the margins. And their focus tends to be minimizing the impact of physical disability.




It is natural to feel afraid during and after a traumatic situation. Fear triggers many split-second changes in the body to help defend against danger or to avoid it. This “fight-or-flight” response is a healthy reaction meant to protect a person from harm. Nearly everyone will experience a range of reactions after trauma, yet most people recover from initial symptoms naturally. Those who continue to experience problems may be diagnosed with PTSD. People who have PTSD may feel stressed or frightened even when they are not in danger.


I am focus on PTSD which caused by earthquake. The site is a town which earthquake happens a lot in Italy. The scale of the city became smaller and smaller because of earthquake. What I am trying to do is creating a multi-function space that could support people live in the ‘ruins’ positively.